|Embraer EMB 312-314 Tucano|
|Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano|
O Embraer EMB-312 Tucano, um avião turboélice, teve seu primeiro vôo em 1980 e as primeiras unidades foram entregues em 1983.
Designado na Força Aérea Brasileira (FAB) de T-27 foi destinado ao treinamento intermediário de pilotos, sendo inicialmente distribuído para a Academia da Força Aérea Brasileira, localizada em Pirassununga, município do Estado de São Paulo.
Também foi utilizada como aeronave leve de ataque sendo designada de AT-27. A FAB encomendou 133 aeronaves.
Avião moderno com assentos em tandem (assento de trás mais alto que o da frente), foi um dos maiores sucessos de Embraer tendo sido produzidas acima de 600 unidades. É a aeronave utilizada pelo Esquadrão de Demonstração da Força Aérea Brasileira (Esquadrilha da fumaça).
The Embraer EMB 312 Tucano is a two seat turboprop basic trainer developed in Brazil. The prototype first flew in 1980 and initial production units were delivered in 1983.
The Tucano family of aircraft became one Embraer's marketing successes, with 600 units produced. An improved variant was licence-produced as the Shorts Tucano for the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force.
The EMB 312 Tucano is a low-wing turboprop-powered two seat basic-advanced military trainer aircraft Recognition features include low-set unswept wings without tip tanks. The rudder extends beyond the trailing edge of the tailplane. Large clear view canopy covering the tandem cockpit, with the rear seat higher than the front. Large exhausts on the forward cowling sides.
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The Embraer EMB.312 was born of a request by the Brazilian Aeronautics Ministry to design a basic trainer that could replace the Cessna T-37C which was then in use by the Brazilian Air Force. Designed in 1978 under Joseph Kovacs, the EMB.312 is a single-engine turboprop, low wing, equipped with a turbine Pratt &Whitney Canada PT6A-25C of 750shp, driving a three-bladed propeller, with student and instructor sitting in tandem under a single hood, opening sidelong. The ejection seats are placed so that the instructor, sitting behind in a higher position, has almost complete visibility ahead.
On 6 December 1978, the Ministry of Aeronautics and Embraer signed an initial contract of development, including two prototypes and two examples for fatigue testing. The first prototype took off for the first time on 16 August 1980, registered as FAB 1300; the second prototype, FAB 1301, accomplished its first flight in December of the same year. A third prototype, incorporating the modifications foreseen for incorporation into the production models, received the experimental civilian registration PP-ZDK, and flew on 16 August 1982.
The RAF's basic flying trainer is the Tucano T1, which is powered by a Garrett TPE331 turbo-prop engine. The Tucano replaced the venerable Jet Provost in RAF service, the turbo-prop design being chosen for its greater fuel efficiency and lower operating costs. The handling of the Tucano is very jet-like, and its tandem cockpit layout prepares the student pilot for progression to the Hawk T1 advanced flying trainer and thence to fast-jet aircraft on the front line. Like all RAF training aircraft, Tucanos have recently been painted in an all black colour scheme. This high-visibility scheme has been selected as it has been demonstrated that the human eye can pick out black against a background more readily than any other colour.
The Super Toucano Super Emb-312 Toucan ALX (AT-29) is a single-engine turboprop of new generation, with spaced out seats in tandem, made to size for multiple applications, including missions of internal security, operational support, antiguerrilla and basic/advanced training. The aircraft is available in versions of one or two places, in accordance with the mission the one that if destines. The up-powered EMB-312H Super Tucano, was developed during the early 1990s and offered to the US in JPAATS contest. The aircraft was also a contender for the NATO Flying Training in Canada program. A single seat version, the EMB-312H ALX, has since been ordered by Brazil for specialist ground attack units.
In November 2002 the Colombian Defense Ministry bowed out of a deal to buy 24 Tucano aircraft after word from the US Southern Command that the proposed $234 million purchase could jeopardize aid to Colombia.
Crew: 2 in tandem
Construction: All metal
Engine: 1 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25C
Engine Type: Turboprop
Engine Thrust: 560 kW (750 shp)
Propeller: 1 x 3
Length: 9.65 m
Height: 3.32 m
Wing Span: 11.23 m
Wing Area: 18.14 m2
Empty Weight: 1,360 kg
Max. Weight: 2,850 kg
Weapons: Up to 1,480 kg on 6 wet underwing pylons